What is Community Risk Reduction (CRR)?

Community Risk Reduction (CRR) Week is celebrating its fourth anniversary January 16 – 22, 2023.  The goal of CRR is to build healthy, safe and resilient communities.  The goal is to reduce the occurrence and impact of emergency events for both members of the community and emergency responders.

CRR is a philosophy, or way of thinking, about service to the community and it’s members that gets to the heart of safety and health.  CRR is a focused and targeted approach designed to meet the needs of the individual community or communities related to these tragic events.  CRR allows the fire and emergency services organizations to “get ahead of the call”.  By using a prevention-first approach, communities are able to get ahead of incidents before they occur and reduce the losses that impact the residents.

CRR is an innovative concept that fire departments have been involved in for many years. It is an integration of all our protection strategies – including emergency operations and prevention/mitigation efforts.  Prevention initiatives, such as Child Passenger Safety, Operation Medicine Drop and Smoke Alarm Canvassing are all CRR programs.

There are Five “E’s” Strategies to assist in reducing or mitigate risks with the highest priority.

  • Education – increasing awareness and providing knowledge and information to the public.
  • Engineering – applies to changes in the physical environment.
  • Enforcement – applies to reducing risks(hazards) through the legislative process of strengthening and adoption of applicable laws.
  • Economic Incentives – applies to the ability of influence people to make certain choices or behave in a specific way.
  • Emergency Response – applies to fire departments, EMS providers, law enforcement agencies, and their emergency response to a risk in their community.

This week is designated as CRR Week, a grassroots initiative of fire service professionals across the nation to raise awareness of the importance of CRR in the fire service community and an opportunity to make communities safer.